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    Interesting facts about the Supreme Court of India

    Interesting facts about the Supreme Court of India - Supreme Court

    Supreme Court is the Supreme Court of India which came into force on January 26, 1950. Its headquarters is located on the Tilak Marg in New Delhi. This is a constitutional body whose interpretation has been made under Article 124 to 147 in Chapter IV of Part V of the Indian Constitution.
    According to the Indian Constitution, the role of the Supreme Court is the federal court and the patron of the Indian Constitution. The Supreme Court is the highest appeal court in the country which hears the appeal against the decisions of the High Courts of the States and Union Territories. Apart from this, petitions related to disputes or fundamental rights and serious violations of human rights are usually kept directly before the Supreme Court. Under the Constitution of India, provision of appointment of 30 judges and one Chief Justice in the Supreme Court has been made. All the judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Supreme Court .  The retirement age of all the judges of the Supreme Court has been fixed at 65 years .
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    Photo of Supreme court

    Some facts related to the Supreme Court

    ► The Indian Supreme Court (Supreme Court) was established on January 28, 1950 in place of "India's federal court" .  The "Federal Court of India" was established under the Government of India Act 1935 and the Privy Council and it was the highest judicial body in the country during British era .

    ► Inauguration ceremony of the Indian Supreme Court was organized in the Chamber of Princes of Parliament House Complex. Do you know that between 1937 and 1950, the Chamber of Princes was the building of "Federal Court of India" for nearly 12 years .  Even after Independence, the Chamber of Princes was the building of the Supreme Court of India till 1958, until the Supreme Court in 1958, acquired its existing Tilak Marg, New Delhi campus .
    ► In the initial years, the proceedings of the Supreme Court ran for 28 days in a year and its time ranged from 10 am to 12 pm and from 2 pm to 4 pm. But at present, the proceedings of the Supreme Court lasting 190 days in a year .
    ► The Supreme Court building is built in Indo-British architectural style on 17 acres of triangular land on Harding Avenue, opposite the harding bridge Its chief architect was Ganesh Bhikhaji Devalkar, who was the first Indian head of CPWD .
    ► Surprisingly, the Supreme Court has been constructed in such a way that it represents the scales of justice .  Rajendra Prasad had said that the two measures of the scales of justice should be the same .  Therefore, the central part of the Supreme Court building represents the central beam of the scales, where the Chief Justice's room and the two large courtyards are located .
    ► Right and left part of the building represents both sides of the scales. In the right part of it is the office of the attorney general and other law officers of India, the bar-room and the library located While the offices of the court are located in the left part of it .
    ► In 1979, the eastern and western two parts were added to the structure of the building and its final expansion was made in 1994 .
    ► Another interesting fact is that the black colored bronze set 210 cm in the lawn complex of the Supreme Court The high statue is about .  In this statue, a woman is holding a child and an open book in the hands of the child .  The woman displayed in this idol represents Mother India and the purpose of showing the child in such a way is that she is protecting the young Republic of India .  While the book displayed in the statue represents the laws of the country and the balance of the book represents equal justice for all. This statue was established on 20 February 1980, and its designer was "Chintamani Kar" .
    ► Do you know that the first woman judge of India and the first woman judge of the Supreme Court of India belonged to India's most educated state ?  India's first lady judge was Ms. Anna Chandi, who entered Law School in 1927 and joined the bar association in 1929 .  She became the first female "district municipal" in 1937 and first "district judge" in 1948 .  He was probably the second woman in the world to be the judge of the High Court .  He became Judge of Kerala High Court in 1959 .  In India, the second woman judge of the High Court was Fatima Biwi.
    ► India's Supreme Court and First Lady Judge of Supreme Court of Asia, Fatima Biwi, who was appointed in the Supreme Court in 1959
    ► A replica of 24 wheeled wheels used in the form of a seal of Supreme Court is used in "Ashok Pillar of Sarnath" .
    ► The number of judges, including the Chief Justice in the Supreme Court of India, since February 2009, is 31. The important thing is that only 8 judges were set up in the original constitution and the power to increase the number of judges has been given to the Parliament .  In 1960, the number of judges was increased to 11, 1968 in 14, 1978 in 1878, 26 in 1986 and 31 in 2009.

    ► Do you know how the Supreme Court judges are appointed?
    - According to article 124 (2), appointed by the appointed president of the Supreme Court judges, after consultation with the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts .
    By 1993, the judges of the Supreme Court were appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chief Justice, but now the committee of 5 senior judges sends a list of names to the Law Ministry and after the scrutiny of the papers, it is sent to the President .  Now it depends on the President to consider names or send him back to the Supreme Court for reconsideration .  But if the Supreme Court sends those names after reconsideration, then the President stays the appointment of those persons .

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    ► What qualifications should a person have to be a Supreme Court judge?
    - He should be a citizen of India .
    - He has been a judge for a minimum period of 10 years in a High Court or he has been practicing law in the High Court or any court for at least 10 years or he is the country's most respected legal lenant in the eyes of the President. .
    - According to the President's decision, a prominent legal scholar or expert can also be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court .
    ► What is the tenure of judges?
    - The Chief Justice of India and the retirement age of other judges is 65 years, while the retirement age of High Court judges is 62 years .
    ► Have you ever wondered how a Supreme Court judge is removed from his post?
    Only on the basis of misbehavior or incompetence, a Supreme Court judge can be removed by the President and the power of investigating it has been given to the Parliament .  If the resolution is passed to remove a judge by two-thirds of the members present in both the houses of the Parliament, that judge can be removed from his position .
    ► Do you know the salary of the judge of the Supreme Court?
    - Chief Justice of the Supreme Court gets salary of Rs. 1 lakh and salary of other judges is 90,000 rupees.
    ► What happens when the Supreme Court Chief Justice is absent?
    - According to Article 126, when the Chief Justice is absent, the President appoints another judge of the Supreme Court as the Acting Chief Justice .
    ► Can the judge work on any other post after retirement?
    - Retired judges of the Supreme Court can not function as a judge in any court within the territory of India .  But the government usually recruits retired judges in the posts of heads of various commissions .

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